Charles Copley
2 min readJun 16, 2023

Kimchi, the iconic Korean side dish beloved worldwide, represents more than a culinary tradition — it’s a window into Korea’s rich history and culture. Central to this tradition is the kimchi vessel, a unique fermentation jar that provides the ideal environment for kimchi to develop its distinctive flavor profile.

In today’s blog post, we’re venturing into the world of crafting kimchi vessels, the backbone of this Korean culinary tradition.

Kimchi Vessels: The Crucibles of Flavor

Kimchi vessels, or ‘onggi’ in Korean, are earthenware pots made from clay and fired at high temperatures. Traditionally, they have been used not only for storing kimchi but also for various fermented foods and sauces like doenjang (fermented soybean paste) and gochujang (fermented chili paste).

The key to an onggi’s effectiveness lies in its breathability. The porous nature of the clay walls allows gases produced during fermentation to escape while maintaining an optimal internal environment.

The Craft of Onggi-Making

The art of crafting onggi is a centuries-old tradition passed down through generations of Korean potters. Here’s an insight into the process:

1. Preparing the Clay: The process starts with the careful selection and preparation of clay. The chosen clay is cleaned, soaked, and kneaded to achieve the right consistency, a crucial factor determining the quality of the end product.

2. Shaping the Vessel: The clay is then thrown on a potter’s wheel and hand-shaped into the desired size and form. The body and the lid of the vessel are made separately.

3. Drying: The formed pots are then allowed to dry for several days. This stage is vital to prevent cracking during the subsequent firing process.

4. Firing: The dried pots are loaded into a kiln and fired at high temperatures for hours, which hardens the clay and makes the vessels durable and waterproof.

5. Cooling and Finishing: After firing, the pots are left to cool gradually to prevent thermal shock. The finished pots are then cleaned, and in some cases, painted or glazed.

Honoring the Tradition

The craft of making kimchi vessels is more than just the creation of functional objects. It’s a reflection of Korea’s deep respect for nature and the passage of time. The slow and patient process of fermenting kimchi, mirrored in the careful crafting of the vessels, underscores the value of perseverance and careful attention in creating something truly special.

Creating your own kimchi vessel can be a rewarding venture. Not only does it bring the possibility of delicious homemade kimchi, but it also provides a tactile connection to centuries of culinary tradition.

Whether you’re an experienced potter or a novice, the process of making a kimchi vessel offers a unique opportunity to dive deep into Korean culture. It’s a craft that combines tradition, art, and science, resulting in a vessel that breathes life into your kimchi and your understanding of Korea’s rich heritage.

In the end, each onggi is more than a pot — it’s a testament to the enduring tradition of kimchi-making and the timeless appeal of this iconic dish. So, the next time you savor a spoonful of tangy, spicy kimchi, take a moment to appreciate the humble vessel that made it possible.